Sentence connectors are words and phrases that link ides in sentences.
Let’s have a look at connectors we can use in conditional sentences:
Click on the link below for a presentation of the basic connectors for conditional sentences: if / unless / when
Now, we are going to have an extended look at other connectors:
We use several connectors when we want to indicate a condition.
The most common is If:
If I see him, I’ll give him the message.
We can use Even If to emphasize the idea that something will/would happen:
Even if we leave now, we won’t be able to catch the train.
Only If makes the condition more restrictive:
You should come to the cinema only if you like horror movies.
We can use Whether when the condition can be considered as an alternative between two possibilities:
I don’t know whether they will agree (or not) on that subject.
We use Unless to express a negative condition:
You won’t pass the exam unless you study harder.
Other conectors are:
A) Necessary Conditions
Provided (that): We’ll go fishing this afternoon, provided (that) it doesn’t rain.
Providing (that): You can borrow my car providing (that) you return it today.
On the condition that: I’ll lend you the money on the condition that you pay me back next month.
As long as: Nobody will know this secret as long as you keep your mouth shut.
But for + noun: I would have arrived earlier but for the traffic jam. (if it hadn’t been for the traffic jam)
B) Imaginary Conditions
In case: Take your umbrella in case it rains. (indicates a precautionary action)
Assuming (that): Assuming that Barça beats Real Madrid in their next match, Cristiano will quit the team.
Supposing / Suppose (that): Supposing that you won the lottery. What would you do?
Imagine (that): You want to play tennis tomorrow, but just imagine that it rains. Will you still play?
If only and I wish
Sometimes we can make the condition more empatic by placing only after if:
If only I knew what to do, I would tell you.
If only I had time, I would go to the cinema.
If only can sometimes be replaced by I wish, omitting the main clause:
I wish I knew what to do.
I wish I had time (to go to the cinema).